Located on the border of Argentina and Brazil, Iguazu Falls is considered one of the world’s most spectacular natural wonders. The waterfall system comprises hundreds of individual waterfalls, with the largest and most impressive being known as the Devil’s Throat. Became one of South America’s most popular tourist destinations due to its immense size, breathtaking beauty, and incredible power.
Iguazu National Park: UNESCO World Heritage Site
Iguazu National Park is the protected area surrounding Iguazu Falls and encompasses both the Argentine and Brazilian sides of the falls. Established in 1934, the park covers over 67,000 hectares of land. It is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna, including over 2,000 species of vascular plants and numerous bird species.
As a UNESCO World Heritage Site, Iguazu National Park is dedicated to protecting and preserving the falls and their surrounding ecosystem. This includes controlling the flow of water and monitoring the water levels. As well as maintaining the park’s trails and infrastructure. The park’s staff also work to prevent environmental degradation and protect the wildlife that calls the park home.
Visitors can enjoy various activities and experiences. You can walk the trails and view the falls to take a boat ride or helicopter tour. The park also has several other attractions, including the Macuco Trail.
Iguazu National Park is also home to a range of wildlife, including howler monkeys, giant anteaters, and a variety of bird species. This makes it a great destination for nature lovers and bird watchers.
Comparison to Niagara Falls
Iguazu Falls is a worthy rival and offer a distinct, yet equally amazing experience. Though Niagara Falls may be more well-known to many people. Iguazu Falls are wider and more extensive than Niagara Falls. Its horseshoe shape provides a unique vantage point that sets it apart from other waterfalls.
Additionally, Iguazu Falls are located in a lush rainforest, offering visitors a chance to explore and appreciate the surrounding wilderness. While Niagara Falls is surrounded by urban development. Overall, both waterfalls are natural wonders worth visiting, and each offers a unique and unforgettable experience.
Formation of Iguazu Falls
Iguazu Falls formed as a result of a volcanic eruption over two million years ago. Creating a large basaltic barrier that blocked the course of the Iguazu River. The river then flowed over the edge of the barrier, creating the series of waterfalls that we see today. Over time, the river carved a deeper channel into the rock, increasing the height and width of the falls.
The formation of Iguazu Falls is unique and sets it apart from other waterfall systems around the world. The falls are a series of cascading waterfalls that stretch across a wide area. That gives it a distinctive horseshoe shape.
Getting to Iguazu Falls: Options for Arrival
Iguazu Falls are located in the remote Misiones province of northern Argentina, close to the border with Brazil. Getting there can be a bit of a journey, but there are several options for arrival, including:
Flights: The nearest airport to Iguazu Falls is Iguazu International Airport (IGR) in Puerto Iguazu, Argentina. Direct flights are available from Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro. There are also several flights per day from Sao Paulo to the nearby Argentine city of Posadas. From there, it’s a short transfer to the falls.
Buses: There are several bus companies operating long-distance routes from Buenos Aires and other cities in Argentina to Puerto Iguazu. This is a convenient option for those looking to travel overland. But the journey can be long (up to 24 hours from Buenos Aires) and can be uncomfortable.
Private transfers: Private transfers are available from Buenos Aires and other cities for a more comfortable journey. As it allows you to bypass the long bus journey and arrive at the falls refreshed and ready to explore.
Regardless of how you choose to arrive, getting to Iguazu Falls is a journey that’s well worth the effort.
Things to Do at Iguazu Falls:
Upper and Lower Circuit Trails: A Stroll Through the Falls
The Upper and Lower Circuit trails are two of the main walking trails at Iguazu Falls. They offer visitors the chance to explore the falls up close. The Upper Circuit trail takes visitors to the top of the falls. Where you can admire the towering waterfalls and the panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.
On the other hand, the Lower Circuit trail takes visitors down to the base of the falls. Where they can enjoy the mist and spray of the water up close. Both trails offer different perspectives of the falls and are a must-visit for any traveler.
The trails are well-maintained and offer easy access to the falls, ideal for visitors of all ages and fitness levels.
The Devil’s Throat: The Crown Jewel of Iguazu Falls
The Devil’s Throat, also known as Garganta del Diablo, is the most famous and iconic section of Iguazu Falls. This towering waterfall is the largest and most powerful of the system.
The Devil’s Throat is located on the Argentine side of the falls. It can be reached via a short walk from the main park entrance. It takes you through lush tropical forests and suspension bridges and the surrounding landscape.
Once you reach the Devil’s Throat, you’ll be met with breathtaking views from the observation deck. Here, you can watch as the water cascades over the cliffs
A helicopter ride over Iguazu Falls is an excellent option for those looking for a truly unique and unforgettable experience. This breathtaking tour gives you an incredible bird’s-eye view of the falls, the surrounding rainforest, and the river.
Helicopter rides are available from the Argentine and Brazilian sides of the falls. They typically last for about 15-20 minutes. The tours are conducted by experienced pilots. They will provide a running commentary and answer any questions you may have. The cost of the ride varies depending on the provider and the time of year.
For an immersive experience, a boat tour takes you to the base of the falls. The boat takes you to the heart of the falls. Feeling the power of the water up close. These exhilarating rides are a must-do for thrill-seekers and offer a unique perspective of Iguazu Falls. Just remember to bring a waterproof jacket, as you’re sure to get wet!
For those who love exploring nature on foot, the Macuco Trail is a must-visit. This scenic hike takes you through the lush rainforest. You’ll have stunning views of the falls and the chance to spot exotic wildlife, including monkeys, birds, and giant anteaters. The trail is guided, ensuring that you don’t miss any of the highlights. So, lace up your hiking shoes and get ready for an unforgettable adventure through the jungle.
From a different perspective, a train ride is a great option. This scenic tour takes you along the river and through the lush rainforest. The train ride is a relaxed and leisurely way to experience the beauty of the area. A must-do for anyone who wants to take in the stunning views of this natural wonder. So, sit back, relax, and let the train be your guide on this unforgettable journey.
With so many things to do, Iguazu Falls is a destination that offers something for everyone.
The Argentine Side: Experience the Best Views
Visitors who choose to explore the Argentine side of Iguazu Falls are in for a treat. The Argentine side offers some of the best and most breathtaking views of the falls. Including the famous Devil’s Throat.
The Argentine side also offers a number of different experiences and activities for visitors, including a train ride to the base of the falls, a boat ride that takes you right up to the thundering water, and a helicopter ride that provides a bird’s eye view of the entire area.
The park entrance on the Argentine side is located in the town of Puerto Iguazu, a popular starting point for visitors. From here, you can take a shuttle bus or a private transfer to the park, where you’ll have access to the different walking trails, lookout points, and other attractions. The most popular trail is the Lower Circuit, Upper Circuit, and Macuco Trail.
No matter where you are in the park, you’ll be able to see the thundering water and feel the mist on your face. This is especially true during the rainy season when the water levels are at their highest. And the falls are at their most powerful.
The Brazilian Side: A Unique Perspective
While the Argentine side of Iguazu Falls is well-known for its incredible views. Visitors are treated to panoramic views of the entire falls system and can see the waterfalls from a completely different angle.
The park entrance on the Brazilian side is located in the town of Foz do Iguacu. From here, you can take a shuttle bus or a private transfer to the park, where you’ll have access to the different walking trails, lookout points, and other attractions.
One of the best things about visiting the Brazilian side is that you can get up close and personal with the falls, with many of the trails taking you right to the edge of the water.
One of the most popular trails on the Brazilian side is the Upper Circuit. At the end of the trail, visitors can take a boat ride that takes them right up to the base of the falls, where they can feel the power of the water up close.
Another great experience on the Brazilian side is the helicopter ride. This is a unique and unforgettable experience that allows visitors to see the falls from a completely different angle and appreciate their scale and beauty.
Best Time to Visit Iguazu Falls: Maximizing Your Experience
Iguazu Falls is a year-round destination, but the best time to visit depends on what you’re hoping to experience and see. Here are a few things to keep in mind when planning your trip:
Water levels: The flow of water at Iguazu Falls varies throughout the year, with the highest levels typically occurring during the rainy season (December to March). While this means more water and more dramatic falls, it can also make it more difficult to see the falls and access certain areas.
Weather: The weather in the region is tropical, with high temperatures and high humidity throughout the year. The rainy season can be particularly humid and rainy, while the dry season (July to November) is typically sunny and dry.
Crowds: Iguazu Falls are one of the most popular tourist destinations in South America, and the crowds can be intense at peak times, especially during the Christmas holidays. Consider visiting during the shoulder seasons (April to June or September to November) to avoid the crowds and enjoy more peaceful visits.
Wildlife: The wildlife in Iguazu National Park is active year-round, but the best time to see certain species, like the howler monkeys, is during the dry season when food is scarce.
The best time to visit Iguazu Falls is a matter of personal preference. If you’re looking to experience the falls at their most dramatic, with high water levels and spectacular views, then the rainy season may be the best time for you. The dry season may be the better option if you prefer to avoid crowds and enjoy more peaceful visits. Regardless of when you choose to visit, Iguazu Falls are sure to provide a unique and unforgettable experience.
Truly a Natural Wonder!
UNESCO declares Iguazu Falls a World Heritage Site due to its breathtaking waterfalls, thriving rainforest, and abundant wildlife. A natural wonder that must be experienced and appreciated. Whether you’re exploring the upper and lower circuits, experiencing the power of the Devil’s Throat, or taking a helicopter or boat tour, there’s something for everyone at Iguazu.
So, if you’re looking for a unique and unforgettable travel experience, look no further than Iguazu Falls. With its combination of stunning natural beauty, exciting activities, and easy accessibility, it’s the perfect destination for anyone looking to escape the hustle and bustle of daily life and immerse themselves in the power and majesty of nature. Don’t miss the chance to see one of the world’s largest waterfall systems and one of the planet’s most awe-inspiring sights – visit Iguazu Falls today!
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Thursday 9th of February 2023
It's interesting to know that Iguazu falls is a result of a volcanic eruption 😮 Glad to know that the trails are well-maintained 😌 Why do I feel like this fall is out of this world? It is so very amazing to look at ❤️ I hope this beauty last for a long time so that next generation can see this wonderful falls 🤩 more blogs to come! Cheers!